Banjarmasin, Story of kids in English from Indonesia

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This story is the history of the meaning of the Banjarmasin. Banjarmasin located in South Kalimantan as part of Borneo Island in Indonesia.

This story of kids in English might have been part of the History of Banjarmasin itself. This story may use as folk tales for children in English from Indonesia.

Long ago, there was a kingdom, Nagara Daha. Princess Kalungsu with her son, Sekar Sungsang, founded the country. Sekar Sungsang was a follower of God Shiva. He built the biggest shrine and phallus in South Kalimantan. The sanctuary named as Candi Laras (the Temple of Laras).

Sekar Sungsang's successor was Maharaja Sukarama. Maharaja Sukarama defeated by Mangkubumi, a rebel.

Prince Samudra was the one who had power reign the kingdom. But, all the people in the palace reign lace could do nothing about it. So, Prince Mangkubumi ascended the throne.

The Nagara Daha Kingdom was in confusion from time to time. Prince Mangkubumi at last killed in a coup d’├ętat by Prince Tumenggung. Since then, he held the power over the kingdom.
Banjarmasin Culture Feast with Yellow Traditional Customs 2015 - Tribunnews.com


The legal heir to the throne, Prince Samudra has evacuated by one of the chief ministers. He has left to a quiet place around the mouth of Barito River. There were villages Balandean, Sarapat, Muhun, Tamban, Kuin, Balitung, and Banjar there.

Among the villages, Banjar located in the most strategic area. Banjar village then developed into a harbor (bandar). Bandar is the city of commerce that was bustling visited by trading ships. These ships come from many different countries.

Patih Masih ruled that Bandar. He knew as Bandar Masih. Patih Masih saw that Prince Tumenggung did not rule the kingdom wisely.

Prince Tumenggung was a greedy king. Patih knew that Prince Samudra was the legal heir to the Nagara Daha Kingdom. He also knew the Prince lived in his area.

Patih Masih invited Patih Balit, Patih Muhur and Patih Balitung. He also invited Patih Kuin to discuss it. They agreed to find Prince Samudra in his hiding place to enthrone him as a king.

"Congratulation! Prince Samudra, support you to be the king," said Patih Masih after they found the Prince.

The ascending of Prince Samudra and Bandar Masih is a center of the kingdom. This center is like the city of commerce. This town made Tumenggung's position became in danger.

Prince Tumenggung did not just sit down to see this situation. Many soldiers sent down to Barito River, and a great battle took place. In this great fight, Patih Masih suggested Prince Samudra to ask for help to the Demak Kingdom.

In his opinion, Demak was the second strongest kingdom after Majapahit.

King of Demak was willing to help Prince Samudra. Prince Tumenggung agreed to be a Moslem. They succeeded in pushing Prince Tumenggung back.

Arya Tarenggana, Patih of Nagara Dipa felt so sad to see a lot of victims fell. The dead soldiers were only ordinary people who did not know anything.

Then he suggested Prince Tumenggung to fight a duel between the two kings. The Kings agreed. Prince Tumenggung and Prince Samudra went up to a deck of a boat that named was Talangkasan.

The two of them brought their swords. The soldiers of the two kingdoms watched the duel. They gave the spirit for each of their kings. When he was face to face with Prince Tumenggung, Prince Samudra did not have the heart to hurt him.

Even so, Tumenggung was his uncle. Thus, he stood still and did not attack him. So, Prince Tumenggung's reaction was different. When he went up to the deck, his face darkened with anger. But, he saw Prince Samudra still stand up. He began to hesitate.

Prince Tumenggung watched the young man in front of him. Prince Tumenggung began to react differently. His anger melted. He just realized that he had authority nephew who was bold and had authority. He ashamed to himself.

When Prince Samudra saw his uncle's face charged, he took back his sword. His uncle did the same thing. He threw his sword and reached out his hands towards his nephew. He hugged Prince Samudra. They both cried.

Prince Tumenggung gave the power back to Prince Samudra. He decided to make Bandar Masin as the capital of the government. People of Nagara Daha moved away to Banjar Masih.

Prince Tumenggung gave the authority to rule over Batang Alai with one thousand people. After being a Moslem, Prince Samudra changed his name into Sultan Suriansyah.

The date of his victory is on September 24, 1526. This time decided as the birthday of Banjar Masih. However, every long dry season, the water got masin (asin or salty). Then, Banjar Masih became Banjar Masin.

The people take sultan Suriansyah's grave care. Many people visited that place. Sultan Suriansyah was the first king of Banjar who was Moslem.

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